Posted on Sat 13 Feb 2016, 10:27 AM

General Murtala Ramat Muhammed was born in Kano on the eight of November 1938 and died when he was 38 years.

He attended Barewa College Zaria where he was classmates with major general  Muhammed Shuwa. General Muhammed joined the Nigerian Army in 1958 and was enrolled at the Regular Officers Special Training School in Teshie, Ghana.

He received his officer training at Royal Military Academy Sandhurst, in the United Kingdom as a regular combatant; he was commissioned as 2nd Lieutenant in 1961. In 1962, he was appointed Aide de camp to the Administrator of the Western Region, Moses Majekodunmi.

At the outbreak of the Nigerian Civil War, he was appointed General Officer Commanding of the Nigerian Army's 2nd Division in ibadan.

On the 30th of july,1975, General Muhammed was made Head of State overthrowing Gen Yakubu Gowon as he attended an OAU summit in Uganda .

One of his first acts as he assumed office was to scrap the 1973 census, which was weighted in favor of the north, and to revert to the 1963 count for official purposes. 

He removed top Federal and State officials to break links with the Gowon's regime and to restore public confidence in the federal government. 

His fight against public sector corruption, led to mass dismissals and retirement of over 10,000 public officials on the grounds of inefficiency and corruption. The consequence of this lasted several years even after his death.

Gen. Muhammed set up a panel headed by Justice Ayo Irikefe on the creation of 7 more states to the 12 existing ones to make up 19 states on the 22nd of December, 1975.

Cut short in his prime, General Murtala Muhammed was assassinated after 6months and 14 days in power along with his Adc, Lieutenant Akintunde Akinsehinwa in his black Mercedes Benz in an abortive Coup attempt led by Lt. Col Buka Suka Dimka.

He was succeeded by the then Chief of Staff, Supreme Headquarters Olusegun Obasanjo. Under general Obasanjo, the legacy of the slain head of state came to pass and saw the completion of his plan for an orderly transfer to civilian rule on the first of October, 1979. 

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