Governor of Abia state, Okezie Ikpeazu has made a call for a new Nigerian constitution which will evolve from the will of the people.
The constitution the governor advocates will not be foisted on the people like the present 1999 Constitution.
According to Governor Ikpeazu, the new Constitution will restructure the country and devolve more powers to the federating units, entrench resource control by the states and establish federal, state, and local government police formations.
The document will also be more responsive to the protection of the rights of all citizens, as well as provide a level playing field where all Nigerians will be treated equally.
Governor Ikpeazu made these calls today as Keynote Speaker at the 5th Osasu Show Symposium with the theme – STATE OF THE NATION, THE PEOPLE’S CONSTITUTION held at the International Conference Center in Abuja.
The Governor stated that the major fundamental flaw of the present constitution is that it lacks the ownership of the people which is a key ingredient that clothes Constitutions with the requisite legitimacy.
While elucidating on the sources of a Constitution, the Governor noted that the road to a proper constitution involves processes through which the voice and views of the people can be found.
These could be through constitutional conferences, referenda, Acts of parliament, Judicial precedents, customs of the people, conventions, etc.
Drawing inference from constitutions of other countries like the USA, Argentina, South Africa, Tanzania, etc, the Governor added what Nigeria currently have is a constitution handed down by military fiat complete with all the nuances of totalitarianism with a very powerful President, Governors and even Local Government Chairmen across the country.
This military mindset, the Governor added, is the reason for unduly concentrating powers in the federal government in areas where it ordinarily has no business with.
This needless concentration of powers in the federal government especially in the areas of security, revenue generation and allocation, resource control has stifled growth in the states and local governments, making them “parasitic appendages of a powerful federal government”.
A situation where states look forward to monthly receipts from Abuja has killed hardwork and initiatives, recalling the first Republic when the regions thrived well when they were quasi independent.
On Security, the Governor decried a situation where a State Governor in Nigeria cannot take actions to manage an urgent security issue because by virtue of the proviso to Section 215 (4) of the Constitution, the Commissioner of Police in a state may request that a matter be referred to the President or minister.
According to the Governor, the existence of a single national police outfit is at variance with federal system of Government and this has led to the establishment by different states in the country, of vigilante outfits and other forms of security and traffic management teams.
On resource control, the Governor decried a situation where some office of the Federal Government in Abuja hands out licenses to people to exploit mineral resources in states without any recourse to the states and even the local communities where these sites are located, and after these activities, these communities are abandoned with grave environmental problems.
Governor Ikpeazu also faulted the provisions of the present constitution for failing to provide proper qualification for leadership in Nigeria. He wondered why a modern constitution in a modern time like this when science and technology is the order of the day, would prescribe the a School Certificate as the qualification for the office of the President of Nigeria.
Nigeria’s constitution, the Governor noted, is not autochthonous and as such is incapable of commanding the requisite quantum of social mobilisation required to move forward, a multi ethnic, multi religious, multi lingual and multi cultural country like Nigeria.
The Governor suggested that young Nigerians of between the ages of 20 and 35 be invited from both the Diaspora and locally, to sit down and craft a new vision for the country.
Their inputs can be inculcated into the new efforts towards a people’s constitution.
The event attracted an array of dignitaries. Vice President Yemi Osinbajo joined virtually while the Acting Canadian High Commissioner, Ambassador Nicolas Simmard delivered the opening address.
Former Attorney General of the Federation and Minister of Justice, Mohammed Bello Adoke was also a speaker at the event which also featured panel discussions.